Full text of “John Wilkes The Illyrians” 1 Arthur John Evans in (from Joan Evans, Time and Chance, London, Illyrian ship and legend GENTH (rev.). saRte Me Ul eetcvec John Wilkes The extracts on pp and from Appian’s Roman History, vols. 2 and 3, translated by Horace White, are reprinted by kind. Documents Similar To – John Wilkes – THE Origin of the Albanians. Uploaded by. Linas Kondratas. Vladimir Orel, Albanian Etymological.

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The hoards of working tools and ingots testify to the specialist smith, and hose of finished metal goods to the activity of the travelling merchant. In the late nineteenth century the names of persons and places recorded by ancient written sources and on inscriptions con- vinced some scholars that Illyrian-speakers had once been wide- spread across Central and Kastern Europe, the Balkan penin- sula, Asia Minor and southeast Italy.

Cremation was already spreading into the area in the illyriaans century and by the fourth had become the dominant rite, both with and without urns.

So far no satisfactory scheme thr the analysis of Illyrian names has been proposed.

The golden age soon passed and during the early Prehistorii Ulyrlam I. Hie lllyrian lands experience a wide range of climate.

Several features of their construction, including enclosing the burial within stone slabs, of ritual, such as smash- ing pots on the surface of the rising tumulus, and content, including a taste for amber ornaments, link these communities with those of the Mat valley to the west.

How were Illyrians linked with other inhabitants of the Danube lands, Thracians, Daco-Moesians, Italic peoples, Greeks and Celts, in their material culture and language? Bade fortificationsKucar Beram cemeteryMladin bronze vessels and helmets.

After the broad high basin of Bugojno the river enters a gorge, with dramatic falls atjajce, until Banjaluka. Down to the sixth century tumuli occur in groups of around ten but later the number increases. The initial campaign in BC marks the first time that the Roman Navy illyrixns the Adriatic Sea to launch an invasion.


The Illyrians by John Wilkes

In the Austrian port of Trieste the British consul Richard Burton contributed a study of ancient hill settlements gradina and other prehistoric remains in the Istrian peninsula see figure 25to be followed 30 years later by the major synthesis of Carlo Marchesetti.

The change is signified by the manifest ability of the people some identify as ‘proto-Illyrians’ to exploit the rich mineral deposits of Bosnia and Slovenia, notably copper, tin and gold. The old Tertiary basins around the Drava and Sava have been overlaid with masses of sediment borne down from the Alps. The Lipci carvings are so far unique in the Balkan region and their date is unknown. A wider distribution in Macedonia and Epirus is the basis for suggestions of a southward and eastward movement of Illyrian peoples.

The Illyrians

In Dalmatia historians and antiquaries of the Renaissance notably Marko Marulichad already begun to observe and record the abundant ancient remains. He concludes with a discussion wilke a possible survivalof an Illyrian native culture in the Roman and Byzantineperiods.

John Wilkes describes the geography of Illyria and surveys theregion in the prehistoric, Greek, Roman and medieval periods.

Gcmcterics of tumuli have been explored in the Drin valley between Debar and kukes, notably at Ginamak 67 tumuliKenete’ see figure 6 and Kruma. This shows similarities with the pottery of Greece and Italy and also with the Trieste region Vlasko Culture.

Most graves were in ‘flat’ cemeteries but a few tumuli, some containing several graves, arc recorded.

The Illyrians : John Wilkes :

In addition to the archaeological papers these volumes also included many pion- eering studies by anthropologists and ethnologists who seized the chance to work in this little known area of Europe.

As a whole the line of the coast is advancing and has moved more than three miles since classical times. Possibly a people named by the elder Pliny as Catali somewhere in this area may be connected with the Istrian Catari of the Tcrgcste Trieste region and may represent a survival of Veneti around Ljubljana. Behind this intermediate range of mountains, the highlands ol eastern Albania are divided by the steep-sided and narrow passages of the Drill, Shkumbin, Devoll and Osum.


Benac and CovicCovicGovedarica The metal objects found at these sites tend to be of Central European origin and remain in use down to Iron Age times. Illyrii or Illyri were a group of Indo-European tribes in antiquitywho inhabited part of the western Balkans. Dur- ing post-glacial times the lands east of the Adriatic began to take on the character and appearance they possess today.

Several ol the long-established periodicals were reconstituted after the Second World Thee and continue to be published, including the Starinar of Belgrade, the Glasnik of the Sarajevo museum, and the Vjesnik of the Zagreb and Split museums. The prefecture of Illyricum was established in the Eastern Roman Empire Byzantine Empireexisting illyriwns and the 7th century.

Arna Elezovic marked it as to-read Sep 29, The Dinaric region of Yugoslavia comprises some of the most impenetrable country anywhere in Europe. These reconstructions of prehistory – ‘houses of cards’ according to one scholar – prove suprisingly difficult to demolish wilks long after their foundations have been shown not to exist.

Benac and CovicCovic The main eastward continuation of the Alpine system is the Karawanken, a steep-sided ridge that reaches over metres and separates the upper Drau Drava basin around Klagenfurt from that of the upper Sava around Ljubljana.