theories of shoot apical meristem – Duration: bosons botany 5, views · 8: Why we choke under pressure — and how to avoid it | Sian. The following points highlight the top three theories of shoot apical meristem. The theories are: 1. Apical Cell Theory 2. Histogen Theory 3. Tunica-Corpus. The following points highlight the top three theories of root apical meristem in plants. The theories are: 1. Apical Cell Theory 2. Histogen Theory 3. Korper- Kappe.

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The chimera of this plant is recognizable only at the cytological level and termed as cytochimera. Take the quiz Naughty or Nice Quiz He’s making a quiz, and checking it twice Statistics for histogen theory Look-up Popularity. So the apical cell theory was later superseded by histogen theory. It is the central core of stem and root and the cells composing this zone are very irregular.

In Greek meaning clothing. The component cells of tunica and corpus differ in size, shape, plane of cell division and topography. Tunica is the peripheral tissue zone of shoot apex. Test Your Knowledge – and learn some interesting things along the way. Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America’s largest dictionary, with:.

This region is enveloped by a variable number of mantle-like layers which are represented by dermatogen and periblem. The initial cells of corpus occur below the tunica.

Histogen theory | botany |

The central part of root cap is the columella where the cells are arranged in longitudinal files. In maize, certain grasses like Agropyron repens and Chlorogalum pomeridianum Liliaceae etc. Take the quiz Name That Thing Test your visual vocabulary with our question challenge! Staining properties of nucleus can recognize the descendents of tetraploid cell.


The daughter cell that faces the base of root, i. Here’s how it works: Literally How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts.

As a result the shoot apex increases in volume. The two cells thus formed have the capability of cell division. The apical initial is tetrahedral in shape and generates root cap from one side. Answer Now and help others. Such chimera in a plant body exhibits layers with different chromosome numbers. Cytologically two zones are thsory in the tunica though all cells exhibit the same anticlinal cell division.

The derivatives of dermatogen vary. Then colchicine was washed out and the meristems were allowed to continue cell division. It divides longitudinally and the two daughter cells thus formed have the potentiality of cell division.

Colchicine has the property to disrupt the spindle microtubules formed during mitosis. The other three sides donate cells to form epidermis, cortex and vascular cylinder.


It gives rise to epidermises of root and stem. Histogen theroy explains both root and shoot apical meristem. The cell divides by an asymmetric division; as a result a narrow and flat cell is formed.

After the discovery of solitary apical cell in vascular cryptogams, it was supposed that such apical meristem might exist in tueory plants as well. The drug colchicine is applied to the shoot tips by slow trickling or as paint. This cell divides longitudinally and both the daughter cells inherit the property of cell division.

Meristematic tissues composing this zone are larger than tunica. They do not have any stable surface layer that divides only by anticlinal division. This theory of root meristem was proposed in by Schiiepp who regarded the occurrence of two systems of cell seriation that characterize the root apex with reference to planes of cell division in its parts.


The specific variation in the number of tunica layers may be of taxonomic significance, e.

This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. The body-cap concept and tunica-corpus concept both are based solely on the planes of cell division. During growth the root changes in diameter. histogem

Top 3 Theories of Shoot Apical Meristem | Plants

Nageli in advocated this theory. As a result nuclei are formed with tetraploid chromosome numbers. One single layered tunica is termed as monostratose. The root meristem exhibits multicellular structure. Such differences histpgen be traced from promeristem through continuous cell lineages to similar differences in the derivatives of promeristem. The cells of the second zone are small and more darkly staining than the cells of the first zone. It is the anticlinal plane of cell division that characterizes tunica.

This theory was proposed by Nageli who drew the attention to the occurrence of a single apical cell or apical initial that composes the root meristem.

In stems LI gives rise to epidermis and the rest forms the cortex and theroy tissue. Dicotyledons exhibit one to five layers of cells in tunica; two layers of cells are represented by largest number of species.