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Was it ever found that sensualitie and health are more pIeasing unto him that understands Astrologie and Grammar?

And listen now from whence commeth the voyce and instruction of one and other: Plato in setting forth the golden age under Saturne, amongst the chiefe advantages that man had then, reporteth the communication he had with fe, of whom enquiring and taking instruction, he knew the true qualities and differences of every one of them: Aristotle is of opinion that Nightingales teach their young ones to sing, wherein they employ both long time and much care: For the vulgar wanting the faculty to judge of things by themselves, suffering it selfe to be carried away by fortune and led on by outward apparances, if once it be possessed with the boldnesse to despise and malapertnesse to impugne the opinions which tofore it held in awful reverence as are those wherein consisteth their salvation and t hat some articles of their religion be made doubtfull and questionable, they will soon and easily admit an equal uncertainty in all other parts of their beleefe, as they that had no other grounded authoritie or foundation but such as are now shaken and weakned, and immediately reject as a tyrannical yoke all impressions they had in former times received by the authoritie of Lawes, or reverence of ancient custome.

My Master said he being Proconsull in Affrica, forsomuch as he caused me every day to be most cruelly apolooga, and held me in so rigorous bondage, I was constrained, as being wearie of my life, apolova run away; and safely to scape from so eminent a person, and who had so great authoritie in the Countrie, I thought it best to get me to the desart and most unfrequented wildernesses of that region, with a full resolution, if I could not compasse the meanes to sustaine my selfe, to finde one way or other, with violence to make myselfe away.

In other projects Wikisource.

Apología de Raimundo Sabunde – Michel de Montaigne – Google Books

Towards goodnes, benignitie, or temperance it goeth but slowly, and against the haire, except miraculously, some rare complexion leade him unto it, it neither runnes nor flieth to it. I say, which aapologa the goodliest and richest present nature can impart unto us.

I answer that it is not onely because they could not receive the instruction of the world by their eares, but rather inasmuch as the sense of hearing, whereof they are deprived, hath some affinity with that of speaking, both which with a naturall kinde of ligament or seame hold and are fastned together.

A goodly faith, that beleeves that which it beleeveth onely because it wanteth the courage not to beleeve the same. Yet were there some yeares ten thousand found that entered and lost themselves in those schooles.

And that it is so defective and blinde, as there is no facility so clear that is clear enough unto her: Behold here the historie Androclus reported unto the Emperour, which after he caused to be declared unto all the people, at whose apopoga request he was forthwith set at libertie, and quit of his punishment, and by the common consent of all had the Lion bestowed upon him. It is that which himselfe telleth us, that by his visible operations be doth manifest those that dde invisible to us.


Hi sunt dii et homines, quibus profecto nihil est melius: Horses, dogges, oxen, sheepe, birds, and the greater number of sensitive creatures that live amongst us, know our voyce, and by it suffer themselves to be directed. And with our head doe we not invite and and call to us, discharge and send away, avow, disavow, honour, worship, disdaine, demand, direct, rejoyce, affirme, deny, complaine, cherish, blandish, chide, yeeld, submit, brag, boast, threaten, exhort, warrant, assure, and enquire?

How comes it to passe that so few are found who have still held one same aoploga and progresse in our publike revolutions, and that we see them now and then but faintly and sometimes as fast as they can headlong to runne into the action?

All other outward shewes and exterior apparences are common to all religious: Wherefore shall we imagine that naturall compulsion in apolog, that prove no such effect our selves? Where the greater part of free men, for very slight causes, abandon both their life and being to the power of others. The Horse takes his owne Fillies maiden-head: In the Prologus was put on the Index Librorum Prohibitorum for its declaration that the Bible is not the only source of revealed truth.

Turpis Romano Belgicus ore color. Can we have a better proofe to judge of mans impudency touching beasts?

The Essays of Montaigne/Book II/Chapter XII – Wikisource, the free online library

By that reason, the fox, which the inhabitants of Thrace use when they will attempt to march upon the yce of some frozen river, and to that end let her go loose afore them, should we see her running alongst the river side, approch her eare close to the yce, to listen whether by any farre or neere distance she may heare the noyse or roaring of the water running under the same, and according as she perceiveth the yce thereby to be thicke or thinne, to goe either forward or backward; might not we lawfully judge that the same discourse possesseth her head as in like case it would ours?

In such sort as what we speake we must first speake it unto our selves, and before we utter and send the same forth to strangers we make it inwardly to sound unto our eares.

And as for other matters; what sufficiency is there in us that we must not acknowledge from the industry and labours of beasts?

Who hath sealed him his patent? It is not enough for us to serve God in spirit and soule; we owe him besides, and wee yeeld unto hima corporall worshipping; we applie our limbs, our motions, and all external things, to honour him. Would they suppose you first take water and then clay, unlesse they guessed that the hardnesse of the one is softened by the moistnesse of the other? And the Emperour Caligula, sailing with a great fleet along the coast of Romania, his owne galley was suddenly staied by such a fish, which he caused to be taken sticking fast to the keele, moodily raging that so little a creature had the power to force both sea and winde, and the violence of all his oares, onely with her bil sticking to his galley for it is a kinde of shellfish and was much more amazed when he perceived the fish being brought aboord his ship to have no longer that powerfull vertue which it had being in the sea.

Raymond of Sabunde

And hath fenced and armed them with clawes, with talons, with hoofes, with teeth, with stings, and with hornes, both to assaile others and to defend themselves: The Philosopher Antisthenes, when he was initiated in the mysteries of Orpheus, the priest saying unto him that such as vowed themselves to that religion should after death receive eternall and perfect felicities, replied, ‘If thou beleeve it, why dost thou not die thy selfe?


By one kinde of barking of a dogge, the horse knoweth he is angrie; by another voice of his, he is nothing dismaid. And amongst those that run wilde, their song is not all one nor alike. As for armes and weapons, we have more that be naturall unto us than the greatest part of other beasts. The fish, called of the Latines Scarus, having swallowed the fishers hook, his fellowes will presently flocke about him, and nible the line in sunder; and if any of them happen to be taken in a bow-net, some of his fellowes, turning his head away, will put his taile in at the neck of the net, who with his teeth fast-holding the same, never leave him untill they have pulled him out.

And the judges in acknowledgement of the Dogges good office, at the Cities charge appointed him for his sustenance a certaine daily measure of Corne, and enjoyned the Priests of the Temple, carefully to looke unto him. Facta etenim et vitas hominum suspendit ab astris.

The Essays of Montaigne/Book II/Chapter XII

How many waies speake we unto our dogges, and they seeme to d and answer us? The men that serve us doe it better cheape, and for a lesse curious and favourable entreating than we use unto birds, unto horses, and unto dogges. It is assuredly beleeved that the Whale never swimmeth unlesse she have a little fish going before her as her vantgard; it is in shape like a Gudgeon, and both the Latines and we call it the Whale-guide; for she doth ever follow him, suffering herself as easily to be led and turned by him as the ship is directed and turned by a sterne: Verely it is an effect worthie consideration, that the skilfullest masters of amorous dalliaunce appoint for a remedie of venierian passions a free and full survay of the bodie, which one longeth and seeks after: And we burne those men which say that truth must be made to abide the raimunxo of our need: Raiumndo and others report some examples to show the reverence and manifest the awe some beasts in their marriages beare unto their kindred; but experience makes us often see the contrary: Whatsoever seemeth apologs unto us, and we understand not, we blame and condemne.

Those watching-dogs which in their sleep we sometimes see to grumble, and then barking, to startle suddainly out of their slumber, as if they perceived some stranger to arive, that stranger which their minde seemeth to see is but an imaginarie man, and not perceived, without any dimension, colour, or being: As for the use of eating and feeding, it is in us, as in them, naturall and without teaching. Such as dee resemble man are the vilest and filthiest of all the rout: Had we fast-hold on God; by the interposition of a lively faith; had we hold-fast on God by himselfe, and not by raimunndo had we a divine foundation; then should not humane and worldly occasions have the power so to shake and totter us, as they have.

As for outward apparance and true shape of the visage, it is the Ee or Ape: